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Spices Grown in India – by Zeehan Munir

A

1

Aniseed

Hindi (Saunf), Marathi (Badishep), Gujarati (Variyali), Tamil (Sombu), Malayalam (Perinjeerakam), Telugu (Sopu), Kannada (Badesepi)
It is used in many of the sweet dishes for its taste and flavour. It is used in herbal medicine to relieve cramps and gas. It is also used as a mouth freshener.

2

Asafoetida

Hindi (Hing), Marathi (Hing), Gujarati (Hing), Tamil (Perumkayam), Malayalam (Perumkayam), Telugu (Inguva), Kannada (Hing)
It is extensively used for flavouring curries, sauces, and pickles. It is also used in herbal medicines because of its antibiotic properties.

B

3

Basil Leaves

Hindi (Tulsi ke patte), Marathi (Tulsichi paney), Gujarati (Tulsina pan), Tamil (Tulsi), Malayalam (Tulsi), Telugu (Tulsi), Bengali (Babui tulsi), Oriya (Durlabha)
It is used in herbal medicines for its oil and antibiotic nature. It also has religious values.

4

Bay Leaf

Hindi (Tezpatta), Marathi (Tamal patra), Gujarati (Tamal patra), Tamil (Talishap pattiri), Malayalam (Karuka patta Talisha), Telugu ( Patta akulu Patraka), Bengali (Joan), Oriya (Juani).
Used in many dishes for taste and flavour especially in meat and fish. It also has herbal use because of its anti-fungal and anti-ulcerogenic properties.

5

Black Pepper

Hindi (Kali Mirchi), Marathi (Kale Miri), Gujjarati (Mari), Tamil (Milagu),Malayalam (Kurumulagu), Telugu (Miriyalu), Kannada (Ollemenasu)
It is used for its spicy taste. It is used just like salt and could be found on dining tables across world. It is also used by meat packers, in canning, pickling, baking, for its preservative value.

C

6

Cardamoms (brown)

Hindi (Badi Elaichi), Marathi (Masala Welchi), Gujarati (Elachi), Tamil (Yelakkai), Malayalam(Ellakkaya), Telugu (Elakayi), Kannada (Yelakki).
It is sed in dishes also part of combination of spices known as Garam masala.

7

Cardamoms (green)

Hindi (Elaichi), Marathi (Welchi /hirvi), Gujarati (Lila Alchi), Bengali (Choti Ilaichi), Tamil (Yelakkai or Elakkai), Malayalam (Elathari), Kannada (Yelakki), Telugu (Yealak-Kayulu or Elakkayi)
It is used in dishes, and in curry also used as flavour in rice and sweet dishes.

8

Caraway seeds

Hindi (Siya Zeera), Marathi (Vilaiti Zira), Tamil (Shimai shambu), Malayalam (Shima jirakam), Bengali (Jira or Zira), Kannada (Shime jeerige), Telugu (Sima jirakai).
It is used for flavouring bread, biscuits, cakes and cheese. It is also used for seasoning sausages and as medicine.

9

Carom Seeds / Thyme

Hindi (Ajwaain), Malayalam (Thottathulasi)
It is used in spicy curries and in pickles to season, tomato soups, fish and meat dishes. It is also in herbal medicines.

10

Cinnamon

Hindi (Dalchini), Marathi (Dalchini), Gujarati (Tuj), Tamil (Pattai), Malayalam (Krugapatta), Telugu (Lavang patta), Kannada (Chakke).
It is used in curries and gravy. It is sweet in taste and used to add flavour.
It is used in rice pulao also. It has astringent; stimulant and carminative properties and can check nausea and vomiting. The cinnamon bark oil has anti-fungal properties and cinnamon leaf oil is widely used in perfumery and cosmetics

11

Cloves

Hindi (Laung), Marathi (Lavanga), Gujarati (Laving) Tamil (Grambu/lavangam), Malayalam (Karayam Poo), Telugu (Lavangam), Kannada (Lavanga).
It is used in dishes and also in herbal medicines, good for tooth aces. Its oil is also used for anti-fungal use and for fragrance.

12

Coriander

Hindi (Dhania), Marathi (Kothimbir), Gujarati (Kothmir), Tamil (Kothamallli), Malayalam (Malli Ela), Telugu (Kothimira), Kannada(Kothambari Soppu).
It is used in every spicy dish in India. It is used after grinding its dried seeds.

13

Coriander leaves/Cilantro

Hindi (Hara Dhania), Marathi (Dhane), Gujarati (Dhana), Tamil (Kothamalli verai), Malayalm (Malli), Telugu (Dhanialu), Kannada (Kothambari Beeja/Dhaniya).

It is used to garnish and add flavours in salads and other dishes. It has a sweet aroma.

14

Cumin seeds

Hindi (Shahi Zeera), Marathi (Shahjeera) Gurati (Jeeru), Tamil (Jeeragam), Malayalam (Jeerakam), Telugu (Jilakara), Kannada (Jeerige).
It is used in dishes for giving flavour and also used in herbal medicines.

15

Curry leaves

Hindi (Cadi patta), Marathi (Kadhi Patta), Gujarati (Mitho Limdo), Tamil (Karivepilai), Malayalam (Karivepila), Telugu (Karivepaku), Kannada (Karikevu).
It is used to add flavours in any curry also in any dry gravy dishes.

D

16

Dill

Hindi (Sowa), Marathi (Surva, Shepu), Gujarati (Surva), Tamil (Sathakuppi Sompa), Malayalam (Sathakuppa), Telugu (Sabasiege), Kannada ( Sabasige), Bengali (Sowa).
It is used in soups, salads, processed meats, sausages and pickling. The essential oil is used in the manufacture of soaps. It also has medicinal use.

F

17

Fenugreek seeds

Hindi (Methi), Marathi (Methi Dane), Gujarati (Methi), Tamil (Vendhayam), Malayalam (Uluva), Telugu (Menthulu), Kannada (Menthe).
It is used extensively in dishes, also used in bakery products in North India

Fennel

Hindi (saunf), Marathi (Badishep), Gujarati (Variari), Tamil (Shombei), Malayalam (Perum jeerakam),Telugu (Sopu, Pedda-jilakara), Kannada (Sopu, Pedda-jilakara), Bengali (Pan, Muhiri, Mauri).
It is widely used as a mouth freshener. It is used in pickling and as preservatives. It has a sweet taste.

G

 

18

Garlic

Hindi (Lashun), Marathi (Lasun), Gujarati (Lasan), Tamil (Poondu), Malayalam (Vellulli), Telugu (Ullipayilu), Kannada (Bellulli).
It is used in dishes especially in non- vegetarian dishes in India. It is also one of the major ingredients in Herbal medicines. It is good for curing heart ailments.

19

Ginger (Fresh)

Hindi (Adrak), Marathi (Aale), Gujarati ( Adu), Tamil (Inji), Malayalam (Inji), Telugu (Allam), Kannada (Shunti).
It is used in gravy for making curries, also used in tea during winter, major ingredient of herbal medicines. It is also used in dry form.

20

Green Chillies

Hindi (Hari Mirchi), Marathi (Hirvaya Mirchaya), Gujarati ( Lila Mircha).
It is used in curries for its spicy tatse and also in salads. It is commonly used in all part of India.

M

21

Mace

Hindi (Javanthri), Marathi (Jaypatri), Gujarati (Jaypatri).
Mace is used in savoury dishes. It is used extensively in south India.

22

Mango powder

Hindi (Aamchur), Marathi (Aamchur), Gujarati (Karino powder).
Its pulp is dried and then grinded to make powder. It is used for its sour taste in snacks and in curries.

23

Mint leaves

Hindi (Pudina), Marathi (Pudina), Gujarati (Pudhina), Tamil (Fudino), Malayalam (Pudhina), Telugu (Pudhina), Kannada (Pudhina).
It is used after making paste as sauce for snacks. It is also used in herbal medicines for curing acidity and other gastro ailments. Their tastes make it useful for mouth freshener.

24

Mustard seeds

Hindi (Rai), Marathi (Mohari), Gujarati (Rai), Tamil (Kadugu), Malayalam (Kadugu), Telugu (Avalu), Kannada (Sasive).
There are two varieties of it; the smaller of the seed is called Rai, while the big seed is called sarson. It is used in curry and used extensively in north India especially in fish currys.

N

26

Nutmeg

Hindi (Jaiphal), Marathi (Jayphal), Gujarati (Jayfal), Tamil (Jathikai), Malayalam (Jathikai), Telugu (Jajikayi), Kannada (Jajikayi).
It is used in the preparation of meat products, soups, sauces, baked foods, confectionaries, puddings, seasoning of meat and vegetable.

P

27

Poppy seeds

Hindi (Post dana), Marathi (Khas Khas), Gujarati (Khaskhas), Tamil (Kasakasa), Malayalam (Khasakhasa), Telugu (Gasagasalu), Kannada (Gasagasa).
It is used in drinks and also in varieties of dishes. It is also used in herbal medicines for curing stomach problems and constipations. It is used in breads, cakes, cookies, pastries, curries, sweets and confectionary.

R

 

28

Red chillies

Hindi (Lal mirch), Marathi (Lal Mirchya), Gujarati (Lal Marcha), Tamil (Sigappu/vara milagai), Malayalam (Kollamulaku), Telugu (Yendu mirapakayalu, Kannada (Onamenasina kaayi).
It is used for its spicy taste in curries and in vegetables.

S

29

Saffron

Hindi (Kesar), Marathi (Kesar), Gujarati (Keshar), Tamil (Kumkuma poo), Malayalam (Kukumpoovu), Telugu (Kesari), Kannada (Kesari).
It is used to add flavour and for its natural yellowish colour. It is used in perfume industry. It is also very expensive among spices.

30

Sesame seeds

Hindi (Til),Tamil (Ellu), Malayalam (Ellu), Telugu (Nuvvullu), Kannada (Ellu).
It is extensively used in variety of dishes, also used to make sweets. It also a major component of bakery products in India.

34

Star Anise

Hindi (Chakra Phool / Chakri Phool).
It is used for flavouring curries, confectionaries, spirits, and for pickling.
It is also used in perfume industry. The essential oil of star anise is used to flavour soft drinks, bakery products and liquors.

T

32

Tamarind

Hindi (Imli), Marathi (Chincha), Gujarati (Amli), Tamil (Puli), Malayalam (Puli), Telugu (Chintapandu), Kannada (Huli).
It is used in dishes for its sour taste. Its paste is also used to make sauce. It also has medicinal uses.

33

Thymol

Hindi (Ajwain), Tamil (Omam), Malayalam (Vaum), Telugu (Vaumu), Kannada (Oma).
Thyme is used to season, tomato soups, fish and meat dishes, liver and pork sausages, headcheese, cottage and cream cheese. Thyme oil is used in treatment of bronchitis. It has anti-spasmodic and carminative properties. It possesses anti-oxidant and anti-microbial properties.

35

Turmeric

Hindi (Haldi), Mararthi (Halad), Gujarati (Haldar), Tamil (Manjal), Malayalam (Manjal),Telugu (Pasupu) , Kannada (Arasina).
No Indian food is complete without this spice. It upholds religious sanctity. It is also used in herbal medicines and for face packs. It is used both as raw and in powdered form.